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6. Sept. Gareth Bale blüht nach dem Ronaldo-Abgang bei Real Madrid auf. In der Nations League steht er mit Wales gegen Irland ebenfalls im Fokus. 6. Sept. Gareth Bale blüht nach dem Ronaldo-Abgang bei Real Madrid auf. In der Nations League steht er mit Wales gegen Irland ebenfalls im Fokus. 6. Sept. Nations League im Live-Ticker bei tutto.nu: Wales - Irland live verfolgen und nichts verpassen.

The University College of Wales opened in Aberystwyth in Cardiff and Bangor followed, and the three colleges came together in to form the University of Wales.

The Welsh Department for the Board of Education followed in , which gave Wales its first significant educational devolution. In —, there were 1, maintained schools in Wales.

Historically, Wales was served by smaller 'cottage' hospitals, built as voluntary institutions. A History of Wales. The population of Wales doubled from , in to 1,, in and had reached 2,, by Most of the increase came in the coal mining districts, especially Glamorganshire , which grew from 71, in to , in and 1,, in However, there was also large-scale migration into Wales during the Industrial Revolution.

The English were the most numerous group, but there were also considerable numbers of Irish and smaller numbers of other ethnic groups, [] [] including Italians , who migrated to South Wales.

Many of these self-identify as Welsh. The census showed Wales' population to be 3,,, the highest in its history.

The UK census was criticised in Wales for not offering 'Welsh' as an option to describe respondents' national identity.

Respondents were instructed to "tick all that apply" from a list of options that included Welsh.

The outcome was that No Welsh national identity was indicated by The proportion giving their sole national identity as British was No British national identity was indicated by The census showed Wales to be less ethnically diverse than any region of England: The lowest proportion of White British The proportion born in Wales varies across the country, with the highest percentages in the south Wales valleys and the lowest in mid Wales and parts of the north-east.

The total fertility rate TFR in Wales was 1. In his work Archaeologia Britannica Edward Lhuyd , keeper of the Ashmolean Museum , noted the similarity between the two Celtic language families: He argued that the Brythonic languages originated in Gaul France and that the Goidelic languages originated in the Iberian Peninsula.

Lhuyd concluded that as the languages had been of Celtic origin, the people who spoke those languages were Celts.

According to a more recent hypothesis, also widely embraced today, Goidelic and Brythonic languages, collectively known as Insular Celtic languages , evolved together for some time separately from Continental Celtic languages such as Gaulish and Celtiberian.

From the 18th century, the peoples of Brittany , Cornwall , Ireland , Isle of Man , Scotland and Wales were known increasingly as Celts, and they are regarded as the modern Celtic nations today.

The Bible translations into Welsh helped to maintain the use of Welsh in daily life. The Welsh Language Act and the Government of Wales Act provide that the English and Welsh languages be treated on a basis of equality, and both are used as working languages within the National Assembly.

Code-switching is common in all parts of Wales and is known by various terms, though none is recognised by professional linguists.

It has been influenced significantly by Welsh grammar and includes words derived from Welsh. According to John Davies, Wenglish has "been the object of far greater prejudice than anything suffered by Welsh".

The Census showed , people, Road signs in Wales are generally in both English and Welsh; where place names differ in the two languages, both versions are used e.

Under new regulations that came into force in , the Welsh Language Commissioner requires local authorities and Welsh Government to ensure that all new or renewed road signs that use both languages to feature the Welsh language first.

During the 20th century, a number of small communities of speakers of languages other than Welsh or English, such as Bengali or Cantonese , established themselves in Wales as a result of immigration.

The largest religion in Wales is Christianity, with The Presbyterian Church of Wales was born out of the Welsh Methodist revival in the 18th century and seceded from the Church of England in Islam is the largest non-Christian religion in Wales, with 24, 0.

There are also communities of Hindus and Sikhs , mainly in the south Wales cities of Newport, Cardiff and Swansea, while the largest concentration of Buddhists is in the western rural county of Ceredigion.

The remnants of the native Celtic mythology of the pre-Christian Britons was passed down orally, in much-altered form, by the cynfeirdd the early poets.

Wales can claim one of the oldest unbroken literary traditions in Europe. The Poets of the Princes were professional poets who composed eulogies and elegies to the Welsh princes while the Poets of the Gentry were a school of poets that favoured the cywydd metre.

Despite the extinction of the professional poet, the integration of the native elite into a wider cultural world did bring other literary benefits.

Major developments in 19th-century Welsh literature include Lady Charlotte Guest's translation of the Mabinogion, one of the most important medieval Welsh prose tales of Celtic mythology, into English.

The 20th century experienced an important shift away from the stilted and long-winded Victorian Welsh prose, with Thomas Gwynn Jones leading the way with his work Ymadawiad Arthur.

Though the inter-war period is dominated by Saunders Lewis , for his political and reactionary views as much as his plays, poetry and criticism.

Thomas was one of the most notable and popular Welsh writers of the 20th century and one of the most innovative poets of his time. The attitude of the post-war generation of Welsh writers in English towards Wales differs from the previous generation, in that they were more sympathetic to Welsh nationalism and to the Welsh language.

The change can be linked to the nationalist fervour generated by Saunders Lewis and the burning of the Bombing School on the Lleyn Peninsula in , along with a sense of crisis generated by World War II.

Thomas — was the most important figure throughout the second half of the twentieth century. While he "did not learn the Welsh language until he was 30 and wrote all his poems in English", [] he wanted the Welsh language to be made the first language of Wales, and the official policy of bilingualism abolished.

The major novelist in the second half of the twentieth century was Emyr Humphreys Born near Abergavenny , Williams continued the earlier tradition of writing from a left-wing perspective on the Welsh industrial scene in his trilogy " Border Country " , "Second Generation" , and "The Fight for Manod" He also enjoyed a reputation as a cultural historian.

The National Museum [of] Wales was founded by royal charter in and is now a Welsh Government sponsored body. In April , the attractions attached to the National Museum were granted free entry by the Assembly, and this action saw the visitor numbers to the sites increase during — by Aberystwyth is home to the National Library of Wales , which houses some of the most important collections in Wales, including the Sir John Williams Collection and the Shirburn Castle collection.

Many works of Celtic art have been found in Wales. A number of illuminated manuscripts from Wales survive, of which the 8th-century Hereford Gospels and Lichfield Gospels are the most notable.

The 11th-century Ricemarch Psalter now in Dublin is certainly Welsh, made in St David's , and shows a late Insular style with unusual Viking influence.

The best of the few Welsh artists of the 16th—18th centuries tended to leave the country to work, many of them moving to London or Italy.

Richard Wilson —82 is arguably the first major British landscapist. Although more notable for his Italian scenes, he painted several Welsh scenes on visits from London.

By the late 18th century, the popularity of landscape art grew and clients were found in the larger Welsh towns, allowing more Welsh artists to stay in their homeland.

Artists from outside Wales were also drawn to paint Welsh scenery, at first because of the Celtic Revival. Then in the early 19th century, the Napoleonic Wars preventing the Grand Tour to continental Europe, travel through Wales came to be considered more accessible.

An Act of Parliament in provided for the establishment of a number of art schools throughout the United Kingdom and the Cardiff School of Art opened in Graduates still very often had to leave Wales to work, but Betws-y-Coed became a popular centre for artists and its artists' colony helped form the Royal Cambrian Academy of Art in Christopher Williams , whose subjects were mostly resolutely Welsh, was also based in London.

Stephens and Andrew Vicari had very successful careers as portraitists based respectively in the United States and France.

Many Welsh painters gravitated towards the art capitals of Europe. However, the landscapists Sir Kyffin Williams and Peter Prendergast lived in Wales for most of their lives, while remaining in touch with the wider art world.

Ceri Richards was very engaged in the Welsh art scene as a teacher in Cardiff and even after moving to London. He was a figurative painter in international styles including Surrealism.

The Kardomah Gang was an intellectual circle centred on the poet Dylan Thomas and poet and artist Vernon Watkins in Swansea, which also included the painter Alfred Janes.

South Wales had several notable potteries , one of the first important sites being the Ewenny Pottery in Bridgend , which began producing earthenware in the 17th century.

It was officially recognised as the Welsh national flag in George which then represented the Kingdom of England and Wales.

The daffodil and the leek are both symbols of Wales. The origins of the leek can be traced to the 16th century, while the daffodil became popular in the 19th century, encouraged by David Lloyd George.

The red kite is a national symbol of Welsh wildlife. The Prince of Wales' heraldic badge is also sometimes used to symbolise Wales.

The badge, known as the Prince of Wales's feathers , consists of three white feathers emerging from a gold coronet. A ribbon below the coronet bears the German motto Ich dien I serve.

Several Welsh representative teams, including the Welsh rugby union, and Welsh regiments in the British Army the Royal Welsh , for example use the badge or a stylised version of it.

The Prince of Wales has claimed that only he has the authority to use the symbol. Land of My Fathers is the National Anthem of Wales, and is played at events such as football or rugby matches involving the Wales national team as well as the opening of the Welsh Assembly and other official occasions.

More than 50 national governing bodies regulate and organise their sports in Wales. Although football has traditionally been the more popular sport in north Wales , rugby union is seen as a symbol of Welsh identity and an expression of national consciousness.

The five professional sides that replaced the traditional club sides in major competitions in were replaced in by the four regions: Cardiff Blues , Dragons , Ospreys and Scarlets.

Wales has had its own football league , the Welsh Premier League , since Rugby league in Wales dates back to The Crusaders competed in the top level Super League competition from — A professional Welsh League existed from to Wales has produced several world-class participants of individual sports including snooker players Ray Reardon , Terry Griffiths , Mark Williams and Matthew Stevens.

Wales also has a tradition of producing world-class boxers. Wales has hosted several international sporting events. All Welsh television broadcasts are digital.

The last of the analogue transmitters ceased broadcasts in April , and Wales became the UK's first digital nation. BBC Cymru Wales is the national broadcaster.

Its output was mostly Welsh-language at peak hours but shared English-language content with Channel 4 at other times.

Since the digital switchover in April , the channel has broadcast exclusively in Welsh. Their remaining output is commissioned from ITV and independent producers.

Several regional radio stations broadcast in Welsh: Most of the newspapers sold and read in Wales are national newspapers available throughout Britain, unlike in Scotland where many newspapers have rebranded into Scottish-based titles.

The Western Mail is Wales' only national daily newspaper. Magazines published in Welsh and English cover general and specialist subjects.

Cambria , a Welsh affairs magazine published bi-monthly in English, has subscribers in over 30 countries. Although both beef and dairy cattle are raised widely, especially in Carmarthenshire and Pembrokeshire, Wales is more well known for its sheep farming and thus lamb is the meat traditionally associated with Welsh cooking.

Traditional dishes include laverbread made from laver Porphyra umbilicalis , an edible seaweed ; bara brith fruit bread ; cawl a lamb stew ; cawl cennin leek soup ; Welsh cakes ; and Welsh lamb.

Cockles are sometimes served as a traditional breakfast with bacon and laverbread. Although Wales has its own traditional food and has absorbed much of the cuisine of England, Welsh diets now owe more to the countries of India , China and the United States.

Wales is often referred to as "the land of song", [] and is notable for its harpists, male choirs, and solo artists.

The principal Welsh festival of music and poetry is the annual National Eisteddfod. The Llangollen International Eisteddfod echoes the National Eisteddfod but provides an opportunity for the singers and musicians of the world to perform.

Traditional music and dance in Wales is supported by a myriad of societies. The Welsh Folk Song Society has published a number of collections of songs and tunes.

Traditional instruments of Wales include telyn deires triple harp , fiddle, crwth , pibgorn hornpipe and other instruments.

Popular bands that emerged from Wales include the Beatles-nurtured power pop group Badfinger in the s, Man and Budgie in the s and the Alarm in the s.

Many groups emerged during the s, led by Manic Street Preachers , followed by the likes of the Stereophonics and Feeder ; notable during this period were Catatonia , Super Furry Animals , and Gorky's Zygotic Mynci who gained popular success as dual-language artists.

Male voice choirs emerged in the 19th century and continue today. Originally these choirs where formed as the tenor and bass sections of chapel choirs, and embraced the popular secular hymns of the day.

Along with the playhouses, there existed mobile companies at visiting fairs, though from most of these travelling theatres settled, purchasing theatres to perform in.

Drama in the early 20th century thrived, but the country failed to produce a Welsh National Theatre company.

After the Second World War the substantial number of amateur companies that had existed before the outbreak of hostilities reduced by two-thirds.

Other Welsh actors to have crossed the Atlantic more recently include: Dancing is a popular pastime in Wales; traditional dances include folk dancing and clog dancing.

The first mention of dancing in Wales is in a 12th-century account by Giraldus Cambrensis , but by the 19th century traditional dance had all but died out; this is attributed to the influence of Nonconformists and their belief that any physical diversion was worthless and satanic, especially mixed dancing.

The Welsh Folk Dance Society was founded in ; [] it supports a network of national amateur dance teams and publishes support material.

Contemporary dance grew out of Cardiff in the s; one of the earliest companies, Moving Being, came from London to Cardiff in As well as celebrating many of the traditional religious festivals of Great Britain, such as Easter and Christmas, Wales has its own unique celebratory days.

An early festivity was Mabsant when local parishes would celebrate the patron saint of their local church.

Commemorating the patron saint of friendship and love, Dydd Santes Dwynwen 's popularity has been increasing recently.

It is celebrated on 25 January in a similar way to St Valentine's Day: Calan Gaeaf , associated with the supernatural and the dead, is observed on 1 November All Saints Day.

It has largely been replaced by Hallowe'en. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the country.

For other uses, see Wales disambiguation. Sovereign state Legal jurisdiction. National Assembly UK Parliament. Wales in the Roman era. Glamorgan and Lower Swansea valley.

Local government in Wales. History of local government in Wales. List of settlements in Wales by population and List of towns in Wales. Tourism in Wales and Agriculture in Wales.

List of universities in Wales and List of further education colleges in Wales. Demography of Wales and Demography of the United Kingdom.

Languages of Wales , Welsh language , and Welsh English. Mythology Matter of Britain Arthurian legend Mabinogion. Music and performing arts.

National symbols of Wales. List of newspapers in Wales. It seems comparatively late as a place name, the nominative plural Lloegrwys , "men of Lloegr", being earlier and more common.

The English were sometimes referred to as an entity in early poetry Saeson , as today but just as often as Eingl Angles , Iwys Wessex-men , etc.

Lloegr and Sacson became the norm later when England emerged as a kingdom. As for its origins, some scholars have suggested that it originally referred only to Mercia — at that time a powerful kingdom and for centuries the main foe of the Welsh.

It was then applied to the new kingdom of England as a whole see for instance Rachel Bromwich ed. See also Discussion in Reference The meaning behind the Welsh motto".

Retrieved 22 March Retrieved 26 July Retrieved 7 July Retrieved 24 April Retrieved 10 October Henry wrote the same about Wallachia.

University of Wales Press. More on the Etymology of Walden". Laudator Temporis Acti website. Retrieved 29 October Longmans, Green, and Co.

Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion published Retrieved 28 September Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. Retrieved 30 September Retrieved 5 August Retrieved 30 December Retrieved 17 November Retrieved 24 October BBC Cymru Wales website.

Retrieved 2 October Retrieved 17 May Celtic from the West: Oxbow Books and Celtic Studies Publications. Insularity and Connectivity in Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 75, , pp.

Acta Palaeohispanica X Palaeohispanica. An Atlas of Roman Britain. Blackwell Publishers published A History of Roman Britain 3rd, revised ed.

The Works of Gildas and Nennius. Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion. University of Wales Press , Third Edition, Retrieved 9 September European Journal of Human Genetics.

Retrieved 27 November The Medieval March of Wales: The Creation and Perception of a Frontier, — Retrieved 4 October The Coming of the Normans".

Retrieved 5 March A country and principality within the mainland of Britain But Edward II was not an infant when the title was granted; the story is apocryphal and was first recorded in Retrieved 21 September Amgueddfa Cymru — National Museum Wales.

Archived from the original on 3 October Retrieved 26 September Rebirth of a Nation: National Library of Wales.

Premiership Rugby Cup, Sat 10 Nov, Autumn Tests, Sat 10 Nov, Sexton 3 Wales 10 16 Try: Six Nations fixtures Read more on Six Nations fixtures. Six Nations Read more on Six Nations.

How to get into rugby union Read more on How to get into rugby union. No-one happy with Ireland v Wales draw - Best.

Wales fly-half Dan Biggar's injury 'not long-term'. Scotland players 'need a rocket' - Jeremy Guscott. BBC offers extensive coverage on TV, radio and online.

The ball rolls into the Wales half, Hennessey comes out to get it and Meyler launches himself at the goalkeeper. Foul, and a booking.

Meyler will miss the first leg of the play-off. McClean gives J Williams a shove, and is lucky to escape without a second caution.

The free-kick is overhit. Ramsey spins and volleys a shot from the edge of the area. This one is at least on target, but Randolph saves with ease.

They have defended their lead excellently. Serbia have won , and have qualified for the World Cup.

Iceland have won , and they will be in Russia too. McClean is booked for kicking Ramsey in the guts. Ireland, sniffing another timewasting opportunity, want to bring on Kevin Long.

Ledley crosses from the left, and the ball curls to J Williams beyond the back stick, but he heads into McClean. Duffy heads it clear, the ball is sent back in, and Duffy heads it clear again.

Wales have a corner. They need two goals. This basically has to go in. Wales attack down the right, and Ward somehow converts it into an Irish free kick.

Duffy climbs all over Vokes as he tries to win a header, and Wales have a free-kick. A lovely right-footed cross from the left from Woodburn, which needed but the slightest tickle in the middle.

Croatia are now up over Ukraine, and will surely be in the play-offs. Ciaran Clark is booked for something, probably timewasting, after Meyler tumbles over a Jonathan Williams challenge.

Duffy executes an almost poetically brutal clearance, thumping the ball at least 40 yards further than he needed to.

Foul von Tyler Roberts Wales. Werder deutscher meister, Williams, Mepham, Gunter. Ballert Bellarabi Bayer nach oben? Die besten Quotenerhöhungen Bayern München vs. Bleibt Bochum oben dran? Daryl Horgan kommt für Callum Robinson. Für Kritik oder Anregungen füllen Sie bitte die nachfolgenden Book of ra kostenlos spielen novoline aus. Die Aufstellungen folgen in Kürze, die Spieler wärmen sich momentan auf. In der Heimstatistik sind ein Sieg, drei Remis und zwei Niederlagen zu finden. Der Spielstand zwischen Wales und Irland ist skill7 casino Vorbereitet von Joe Allen mit einem Steilpass. Superstar Gareth Bale reiste nicht zur Nationalmannschaft, sondern blieb bei seinem Verein in Madrid. Die Skandinavier gelten als Gruppenfavorit adrenalin motorsport wollen unbedingt in die Liga Darmstadt esser aufsteigen.

Wales Irland Video

Epic Welsh Defence Part 1, Wales v Ireland, 14th March 2015

The last bank to do so closed in ; since then, although banks in Scotland and Northern Ireland continue to have the right to issue banknotes in their own countries, the Bank of England has a monopoly on the issue of banknotes in Wales.

However, Wales has not been represented on any coin minted from The A55 expressway has a similar role along the north Wales coast, connecting Holyhead and Bangor with Wrexham and Flintshire.

It also links to north-west England, principally Chester. The main north-south Wales link is the A , which runs from Cardiff to Llandudno.

Cardiff Airport is the only large and international airport in Wales. Other internal flights operate to northern England, Scotland and Northern Ireland.

The Welsh Government manages those parts of the British railway network within Wales, through the Transport for Wales Rail train operating company.

Cardiff Central is Wales' busiest railway station, with over four times as much passenger traffic as any other station in Wales. Beeching cuts in the s mean that most of the remaining network is geared toward east-west travel connecting with the Irish Sea ports for ferries to Ireland.

All trains in Wales are diesel-powered since no lines have been electrified. Wales has four commercial ferry ports.

Regular ferry services to Ireland operate from Holyhead , Pembroke and Fishguard. The Swansea to Cork service, cancelled in , was reinstated in March , but has been withdrawn again in A distinct education system has developed in Wales.

The first grammar schools were established in Welsh towns such as Ruthin , Brecon and Cowbridge. At the end of the day, the wearer of the "not" would be beaten.

The University College of Wales opened in Aberystwyth in Cardiff and Bangor followed, and the three colleges came together in to form the University of Wales.

The Welsh Department for the Board of Education followed in , which gave Wales its first significant educational devolution.

In —, there were 1, maintained schools in Wales. Historically, Wales was served by smaller 'cottage' hospitals, built as voluntary institutions. A History of Wales.

The population of Wales doubled from , in to 1,, in and had reached 2,, by Most of the increase came in the coal mining districts, especially Glamorganshire , which grew from 71, in to , in and 1,, in However, there was also large-scale migration into Wales during the Industrial Revolution.

The English were the most numerous group, but there were also considerable numbers of Irish and smaller numbers of other ethnic groups, [] [] including Italians , who migrated to South Wales.

Many of these self-identify as Welsh. The census showed Wales' population to be 3,,, the highest in its history. The UK census was criticised in Wales for not offering 'Welsh' as an option to describe respondents' national identity.

Respondents were instructed to "tick all that apply" from a list of options that included Welsh. The outcome was that No Welsh national identity was indicated by The proportion giving their sole national identity as British was No British national identity was indicated by The census showed Wales to be less ethnically diverse than any region of England: The lowest proportion of White British The proportion born in Wales varies across the country, with the highest percentages in the south Wales valleys and the lowest in mid Wales and parts of the north-east.

The total fertility rate TFR in Wales was 1. In his work Archaeologia Britannica Edward Lhuyd , keeper of the Ashmolean Museum , noted the similarity between the two Celtic language families: He argued that the Brythonic languages originated in Gaul France and that the Goidelic languages originated in the Iberian Peninsula.

Lhuyd concluded that as the languages had been of Celtic origin, the people who spoke those languages were Celts. According to a more recent hypothesis, also widely embraced today, Goidelic and Brythonic languages, collectively known as Insular Celtic languages , evolved together for some time separately from Continental Celtic languages such as Gaulish and Celtiberian.

From the 18th century, the peoples of Brittany , Cornwall , Ireland , Isle of Man , Scotland and Wales were known increasingly as Celts, and they are regarded as the modern Celtic nations today.

The Bible translations into Welsh helped to maintain the use of Welsh in daily life. The Welsh Language Act and the Government of Wales Act provide that the English and Welsh languages be treated on a basis of equality, and both are used as working languages within the National Assembly.

Code-switching is common in all parts of Wales and is known by various terms, though none is recognised by professional linguists.

It has been influenced significantly by Welsh grammar and includes words derived from Welsh. According to John Davies, Wenglish has "been the object of far greater prejudice than anything suffered by Welsh".

The Census showed , people, Road signs in Wales are generally in both English and Welsh; where place names differ in the two languages, both versions are used e.

Under new regulations that came into force in , the Welsh Language Commissioner requires local authorities and Welsh Government to ensure that all new or renewed road signs that use both languages to feature the Welsh language first.

During the 20th century, a number of small communities of speakers of languages other than Welsh or English, such as Bengali or Cantonese , established themselves in Wales as a result of immigration.

The largest religion in Wales is Christianity, with The Presbyterian Church of Wales was born out of the Welsh Methodist revival in the 18th century and seceded from the Church of England in Islam is the largest non-Christian religion in Wales, with 24, 0.

There are also communities of Hindus and Sikhs , mainly in the south Wales cities of Newport, Cardiff and Swansea, while the largest concentration of Buddhists is in the western rural county of Ceredigion.

The remnants of the native Celtic mythology of the pre-Christian Britons was passed down orally, in much-altered form, by the cynfeirdd the early poets.

Wales can claim one of the oldest unbroken literary traditions in Europe. The Poets of the Princes were professional poets who composed eulogies and elegies to the Welsh princes while the Poets of the Gentry were a school of poets that favoured the cywydd metre.

Despite the extinction of the professional poet, the integration of the native elite into a wider cultural world did bring other literary benefits.

Major developments in 19th-century Welsh literature include Lady Charlotte Guest's translation of the Mabinogion, one of the most important medieval Welsh prose tales of Celtic mythology, into English.

The 20th century experienced an important shift away from the stilted and long-winded Victorian Welsh prose, with Thomas Gwynn Jones leading the way with his work Ymadawiad Arthur.

Though the inter-war period is dominated by Saunders Lewis , for his political and reactionary views as much as his plays, poetry and criticism.

Thomas was one of the most notable and popular Welsh writers of the 20th century and one of the most innovative poets of his time.

The attitude of the post-war generation of Welsh writers in English towards Wales differs from the previous generation, in that they were more sympathetic to Welsh nationalism and to the Welsh language.

The change can be linked to the nationalist fervour generated by Saunders Lewis and the burning of the Bombing School on the Lleyn Peninsula in , along with a sense of crisis generated by World War II.

Thomas — was the most important figure throughout the second half of the twentieth century. While he "did not learn the Welsh language until he was 30 and wrote all his poems in English", [] he wanted the Welsh language to be made the first language of Wales, and the official policy of bilingualism abolished.

The major novelist in the second half of the twentieth century was Emyr Humphreys Born near Abergavenny , Williams continued the earlier tradition of writing from a left-wing perspective on the Welsh industrial scene in his trilogy " Border Country " , "Second Generation" , and "The Fight for Manod" He also enjoyed a reputation as a cultural historian.

The National Museum [of] Wales was founded by royal charter in and is now a Welsh Government sponsored body.

In April , the attractions attached to the National Museum were granted free entry by the Assembly, and this action saw the visitor numbers to the sites increase during — by Aberystwyth is home to the National Library of Wales , which houses some of the most important collections in Wales, including the Sir John Williams Collection and the Shirburn Castle collection.

Many works of Celtic art have been found in Wales. A number of illuminated manuscripts from Wales survive, of which the 8th-century Hereford Gospels and Lichfield Gospels are the most notable.

The 11th-century Ricemarch Psalter now in Dublin is certainly Welsh, made in St David's , and shows a late Insular style with unusual Viking influence.

The best of the few Welsh artists of the 16th—18th centuries tended to leave the country to work, many of them moving to London or Italy.

Richard Wilson —82 is arguably the first major British landscapist. Although more notable for his Italian scenes, he painted several Welsh scenes on visits from London.

By the late 18th century, the popularity of landscape art grew and clients were found in the larger Welsh towns, allowing more Welsh artists to stay in their homeland.

Artists from outside Wales were also drawn to paint Welsh scenery, at first because of the Celtic Revival. Then in the early 19th century, the Napoleonic Wars preventing the Grand Tour to continental Europe, travel through Wales came to be considered more accessible.

An Act of Parliament in provided for the establishment of a number of art schools throughout the United Kingdom and the Cardiff School of Art opened in Graduates still very often had to leave Wales to work, but Betws-y-Coed became a popular centre for artists and its artists' colony helped form the Royal Cambrian Academy of Art in Christopher Williams , whose subjects were mostly resolutely Welsh, was also based in London.

Stephens and Andrew Vicari had very successful careers as portraitists based respectively in the United States and France. Many Welsh painters gravitated towards the art capitals of Europe.

However, the landscapists Sir Kyffin Williams and Peter Prendergast lived in Wales for most of their lives, while remaining in touch with the wider art world.

Ceri Richards was very engaged in the Welsh art scene as a teacher in Cardiff and even after moving to London. He was a figurative painter in international styles including Surrealism.

The Kardomah Gang was an intellectual circle centred on the poet Dylan Thomas and poet and artist Vernon Watkins in Swansea, which also included the painter Alfred Janes.

South Wales had several notable potteries , one of the first important sites being the Ewenny Pottery in Bridgend , which began producing earthenware in the 17th century.

It was officially recognised as the Welsh national flag in George which then represented the Kingdom of England and Wales. The daffodil and the leek are both symbols of Wales.

The origins of the leek can be traced to the 16th century, while the daffodil became popular in the 19th century, encouraged by David Lloyd George.

The red kite is a national symbol of Welsh wildlife. The Prince of Wales' heraldic badge is also sometimes used to symbolise Wales.

The badge, known as the Prince of Wales's feathers , consists of three white feathers emerging from a gold coronet. A ribbon below the coronet bears the German motto Ich dien I serve.

Several Welsh representative teams, including the Welsh rugby union, and Welsh regiments in the British Army the Royal Welsh , for example use the badge or a stylised version of it.

The Prince of Wales has claimed that only he has the authority to use the symbol. Land of My Fathers is the National Anthem of Wales, and is played at events such as football or rugby matches involving the Wales national team as well as the opening of the Welsh Assembly and other official occasions.

More than 50 national governing bodies regulate and organise their sports in Wales. Although football has traditionally been the more popular sport in north Wales , rugby union is seen as a symbol of Welsh identity and an expression of national consciousness.

The five professional sides that replaced the traditional club sides in major competitions in were replaced in by the four regions: Cardiff Blues , Dragons , Ospreys and Scarlets.

Wales has had its own football league , the Welsh Premier League , since Rugby league in Wales dates back to The Crusaders competed in the top level Super League competition from — A professional Welsh League existed from to Wales has produced several world-class participants of individual sports including snooker players Ray Reardon , Terry Griffiths , Mark Williams and Matthew Stevens.

Wales also has a tradition of producing world-class boxers. Wales has hosted several international sporting events.

All Welsh television broadcasts are digital. The last of the analogue transmitters ceased broadcasts in April , and Wales became the UK's first digital nation.

BBC Cymru Wales is the national broadcaster. Its output was mostly Welsh-language at peak hours but shared English-language content with Channel 4 at other times.

Since the digital switchover in April , the channel has broadcast exclusively in Welsh. Their remaining output is commissioned from ITV and independent producers.

Several regional radio stations broadcast in Welsh: Most of the newspapers sold and read in Wales are national newspapers available throughout Britain, unlike in Scotland where many newspapers have rebranded into Scottish-based titles.

The Western Mail is Wales' only national daily newspaper. Magazines published in Welsh and English cover general and specialist subjects.

Cambria , a Welsh affairs magazine published bi-monthly in English, has subscribers in over 30 countries. Although both beef and dairy cattle are raised widely, especially in Carmarthenshire and Pembrokeshire, Wales is more well known for its sheep farming and thus lamb is the meat traditionally associated with Welsh cooking.

Traditional dishes include laverbread made from laver Porphyra umbilicalis , an edible seaweed ; bara brith fruit bread ; cawl a lamb stew ; cawl cennin leek soup ; Welsh cakes ; and Welsh lamb.

Cockles are sometimes served as a traditional breakfast with bacon and laverbread. Although Wales has its own traditional food and has absorbed much of the cuisine of England, Welsh diets now owe more to the countries of India , China and the United States.

Wales is often referred to as "the land of song", [] and is notable for its harpists, male choirs, and solo artists.

The principal Welsh festival of music and poetry is the annual National Eisteddfod. The Llangollen International Eisteddfod echoes the National Eisteddfod but provides an opportunity for the singers and musicians of the world to perform.

Traditional music and dance in Wales is supported by a myriad of societies. The Welsh Folk Song Society has published a number of collections of songs and tunes.

Traditional instruments of Wales include telyn deires triple harp , fiddle, crwth , pibgorn hornpipe and other instruments. Popular bands that emerged from Wales include the Beatles-nurtured power pop group Badfinger in the s, Man and Budgie in the s and the Alarm in the s.

Many groups emerged during the s, led by Manic Street Preachers , followed by the likes of the Stereophonics and Feeder ; notable during this period were Catatonia , Super Furry Animals , and Gorky's Zygotic Mynci who gained popular success as dual-language artists.

Male voice choirs emerged in the 19th century and continue today. Originally these choirs where formed as the tenor and bass sections of chapel choirs, and embraced the popular secular hymns of the day.

Along with the playhouses, there existed mobile companies at visiting fairs, though from most of these travelling theatres settled, purchasing theatres to perform in.

Drama in the early 20th century thrived, but the country failed to produce a Welsh National Theatre company. After the Second World War the substantial number of amateur companies that had existed before the outbreak of hostilities reduced by two-thirds.

Other Welsh actors to have crossed the Atlantic more recently include: Dancing is a popular pastime in Wales; traditional dances include folk dancing and clog dancing.

The first mention of dancing in Wales is in a 12th-century account by Giraldus Cambrensis , but by the 19th century traditional dance had all but died out; this is attributed to the influence of Nonconformists and their belief that any physical diversion was worthless and satanic, especially mixed dancing.

The Welsh Folk Dance Society was founded in ; [] it supports a network of national amateur dance teams and publishes support material. Contemporary dance grew out of Cardiff in the s; one of the earliest companies, Moving Being, came from London to Cardiff in As well as celebrating many of the traditional religious festivals of Great Britain, such as Easter and Christmas, Wales has its own unique celebratory days.

An early festivity was Mabsant when local parishes would celebrate the patron saint of their local church. Commemorating the patron saint of friendship and love, Dydd Santes Dwynwen 's popularity has been increasing recently.

It is celebrated on 25 January in a similar way to St Valentine's Day: Calan Gaeaf , associated with the supernatural and the dead, is observed on 1 November All Saints Day.

It has largely been replaced by Hallowe'en. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the country.

For other uses, see Wales disambiguation. Sovereign state Legal jurisdiction. National Assembly UK Parliament. Wales in the Roman era. Glamorgan and Lower Swansea valley.

Local government in Wales. History of local government in Wales. List of settlements in Wales by population and List of towns in Wales. Tourism in Wales and Agriculture in Wales.

List of universities in Wales and List of further education colleges in Wales. Demography of Wales and Demography of the United Kingdom.

Languages of Wales , Welsh language , and Welsh English. Mythology Matter of Britain Arthurian legend Mabinogion.

Music and performing arts. National symbols of Wales. List of newspapers in Wales. It seems comparatively late as a place name, the nominative plural Lloegrwys , "men of Lloegr", being earlier and more common.

The English were sometimes referred to as an entity in early poetry Saeson , as today but just as often as Eingl Angles , Iwys Wessex-men , etc.

Lloegr and Sacson became the norm later when England emerged as a kingdom. As for its origins, some scholars have suggested that it originally referred only to Mercia — at that time a powerful kingdom and for centuries the main foe of the Welsh.

It was then applied to the new kingdom of England as a whole see for instance Rachel Bromwich ed. See also Discussion in Reference The meaning behind the Welsh motto".

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Forests today cover about As of , the Republic is one of the least forested countries in Europe. Gorse Ulex europaeus , a wild furze , is commonly found growing in the uplands and ferns are plentiful in the more moist regions, especially in the western parts.

It is home to hundreds of plant species, some of them unique to the island, and has been "invaded" by some grasses, such as Spartina anglica. The algal and seaweed flora is that of the cold-temperate variety.

The total number of species is [] and is distributed as follows:. The island has been invaded by some algae, some of which are now well established.

Because of its mild climate, many species, including sub-tropical species such as palm trees , are grown in Ireland. The island itself can be subdivided into two ecoregions: The long history of agricultural production, coupled with modern intensive agricultural methods such as pesticide and fertiliser use and runoff from contaminants into streams, rivers and lakes, impact the natural fresh-water ecosystems and have placed pressure on biodiversity in Ireland.

A land of green fields for crop cultivation and cattle rearing limits the space available for the establishment of native wild species.

Hedgerows, however, traditionally used for maintaining and demarcating land boundaries, act as a refuge for native wild flora.

This ecosystem stretches across the countryside and acts as a network of connections to preserve remnants of the ecosystem that once covered the island.

Subsidies under the Common Agricultural Policy , which supported agricultural practices that preserved hedgerow environments, are undergoing reforms.

The Common Agricultural Policy had in the past subsidised potentially destructive agricultural practices, for example by emphasising production without placing limits on indiscriminate use of fertilisers and pesticides; but reforms have gradually decoupled subsidies from production levels and introduced environmental and other requirements.

Forest covers about Remnants of native forest can be found scattered around the island, in particular in the Killarney National Park.

Natural areas require fencing to prevent over-grazing by deer and sheep that roam over uncultivated areas. Grazing in this manner is one of the main factors preventing the natural regeneration of forests across many regions of the country.

People have lived in Ireland for over 9, years. The different eras are termed mesolithic , neolithic , Bronze Age , and Iron Age.

Many survived into late medieval times, others vanished as they became politically unimportant. Over the past years, Vikings , Normans , Welsh , Flemings , Scots , English , Africans , Eastern Europeans and South Americans have all added to the population and have had significant influences on Irish culture.

Ireland's largest religious group is Christianity. The population of Ireland rose rapidly from the 16th century until the midth century, interrupted briefly by the Famine of , which killed roughly two fifths of the island's population.

The population rebounded and multiplied over the next century, but another devastating famine in the s caused one million deaths and forced over one million more to emigrate in its immediate wake.

Over the following century the population was reduced by over half, at a time when the general trend in European countries was for populations to rise by an average of three-fold.

Traditionally, Ireland is subdivided into four provinces: Connacht west , Leinster east , Munster south , and Ulster north. In a system that developed between the 13th and 17th centuries, [] Ireland has 32 traditional counties.

Twenty-six of these counties are in the Republic of Ireland and six are in Northern Ireland. The six counties that constitute Northern Ireland are all in the province of Ulster which has nine counties in total.

As such, Ulster is often used as a synonym for Northern Ireland, although the two are not coterminous. In the Republic of Ireland, counties form the basis of the system of local government.

Counties Dublin , Cork , Limerick , Galway , Waterford and Tipperary have been broken up into smaller administrative areas.

However, they are still treated as counties for cultural and some official purposes, for example postal addresses and by the Ordnance Survey Ireland.

Counties in Northern Ireland are no longer used for local governmental purposes, [] but, as in the Republic, their traditional boundaries are still used for informal purposes such as sports leagues and in cultural or tourism contexts.

City status in Ireland is decided by legislative or royal charter. Dublin , with over 1 million residents in the Greater Dublin Area , is the largest city on the island.

Belfast, with , residents, is the largest city in Northern Ireland. City status does not directly equate with population size. For example, Armagh , with 14, is the seat of the Church of Ireland and the Roman Catholic Primate of All Ireland and was re-granted city status by Queen Elizabeth II in having lost that status in local government reforms of In the Republic of Ireland, Kilkenny , seat of the Butler dynasty , while no longer a city for administrative purposes since the Local Government Act , is entitled by law to continue to use the description.

The population of Ireland collapsed dramatically during the second half of the 19th century. A population of over 8 million in was reduced to slightly more than 4 million by In part, the fall in population was due to death from the Great Famine of to , which took about 1 million lives.

However, by far the greater cause of population decline was the dire economic state of the country which led to an entrenched culture of emigration lasting until the 21st century.

Emigration from Ireland in the 19th century contributed to the populations of England, the United States, Canada and Australia, where a large Irish diaspora lives.

As of [update] , 4. The Protestants' ancestors arrived primarily in the colonial era, while Catholics are primarily descended from immigrants of the 19th century.

Irish leaders have been prominent in the Catholic Church in the United States for over years. The Irish have been leaders in the Presbyterian and Methodist traditions, as well.

With growing prosperity since the last decade of the 20th century, Ireland became a destination for immigrants. Since the European Union expanded to include Poland in , Polish people have made up the largest number of immigrants over , [] from Central Europe.

There has also been significant immigration from Lithuania , the Czech Republic and Latvia. Up to 50, eastern and central European migrant workers left Ireland in response to the Irish financial crisis.

The two official languages of the Republic of Ireland are Irish and English. Each language has produced a noteworthy literature.

Irish, though now only the language of a minority, was the vernacular of the Irish people for over two thousand years and was possibly introduced during the Iron Age.

It began to be written down after Christianisation in the 5th century and spread to Scotland and the Isle of Man where it evolved into the Scottish Gaelic and Manx languages respectively.

The Irish language has a vast treasury of written texts from many centuries, and is divided by linguists into Old Irish from the 6th to 10th century, Middle Irish from the 10th to 13th century, Early Modern Irish until the 17th century, and the Modern Irish spoken today.

It remained the dominant language of Ireland for most of those periods, having influences from Latin , Old Norse , French and English. It declined under British rule but remained the majority tongue until the early 19th century, and since then has been a minority language.

The Gaelic Revival of the early twentieth century has had a long-term influence. They represent an expanding demographic, with their own schools called Gaelscoileanna and their own social media.

It has been argued that they tend to be more highly educated than monolingual English speakers, with better employment prospects and higher social status.

Traditional rural Irish-speaking areas, known collectively as the Gaeltacht , are in linguistic decline. The main Gaeltacht areas are in the west, south-west and north-west.

English in Ireland was first introduced during the Norman invasion. It was spoken by a few peasants and merchants brought over from England, and was largely replaced by Irish before the Tudor conquest of Ireland.

It was introduced as the official language with the Tudor and Cromwellian conquests. The Ulster plantations gave it a permanent foothold in Ulster, and it remained the official and upper-class language elsewhere, the Irish-speaking chieftains and nobility having been deposed.

Language shift during the 19th century replaced Irish with English as the first language for a vast majority of the population. Shelta , the language of the nomadic Irish Travellers is native to Ireland.

Ireland's culture comprises elements of the culture of ancient peoples, later immigrant and broadcast cultural influences chiefly Gaelic culture , Anglicisation , Americanisation and aspects of broader European culture.

This combination of cultural influences is visible in the intricate designs termed Irish interlace or Celtic knotwork.

These can be seen in the ornamentation of medieval religious and secular works. The style is still popular today in jewellery and graphic art, [] as is the distinctive style of traditional Irish music and dance, and has become indicative of modern "Celtic" culture in general.

Religion has played a significant role in the cultural life of the island since ancient times and since the 17th century plantations , has been the focus of political identity and divisions on the island.

Ireland's pre-Christian heritage fused with the Celtic Church following the missions of Saint Patrick in the 5th century. These missions brought written language to an illiterate population of Europe during the Dark Ages that followed the fall of Rome , earning Ireland the sobriquet, "the island of saints and scholars".

Since the 20th century the Irish pubs worldwide have become, especially those with a full range of cultural and gastronomic offerings, outposts of Irish culture.

The Republic of Ireland's national theatre is the Abbey Theatre , which was founded in , and the national Irish-language theatre is An Taibhdhearc , which was established in in Galway.

Ireland has made a large contribution to world literature in all its branches, both in Irish and English.

Poetry in Irish is among the oldest vernacular poetry in Europe, with the earliest examples dating from the 6th century. Irish remained the dominant literary language down to the nineteenth century, despite the spread of English from the seventeenth century on.

The latter part of the nineteenth century saw a rapid replacement of Irish by English. By , however, cultural nationalists had begun the Gaelic revival , which saw the beginnings of a modern literature in Irish.

Other notable eighteenth century writers of Irish origin included Oliver Goldsmith and Richard Brinsley Sheridan , though they spent most of their lives in England.

The playwright and poet Oscar Wilde , noted for his epigrams, was born in Ireland. In the 20th century, Ireland produced four winners of the Nobel Prize for Literature: Although not a Nobel Prize winner, James Joyce is widely considered to be one of the most significant writers of the 20th century.

Joyce's novel Ulysses is considered one of the most important works of Modernist literature and his life is celebrated annually on 16 June in Dublin as " Bloomsday ".

Music has been in evidence in Ireland since prehistoric times. Outside religious establishments, musical genres in early Gaelic Ireland are referred to as a triad of weeping music goltraige , laughing music geantraige and sleeping music suantraige.

Classical music following European models first developed in urban areas, in establishments of Anglo-Irish rule such as Dublin Castle , St Patrick's Cathedral and Christ Church as well as the country houses of the Anglo-Irish ascendancy, with the first performance of Handel 's Messiah being among the highlights of the baroque era.

In the 19th century, public concerts provided access to classical music to all classes of society. Yet, for political and financial reasons Ireland has been too small to provide a living to many musicians, so the names of the better-known Irish composers of this time belong to emigrants.

Irish traditional music and dance has seen a surge in popularity and global coverage since the s. In the middle years of the 20th century, as Irish society was modernising, traditional music had fallen out of favour, especially in urban areas.

Groups and musicians including Horslips , Van Morrison and Thin Lizzy incorporated elements of Irish traditional music into contemporary rock music and, during the s and s, the distinction between traditional and rock musicians became blurred, with many individuals regularly crossing over between these styles of playing.

The earliest known Irish graphic art and sculpture are Neolithic carvings found at sites such as Newgrange [] and is traced through Bronze age artefacts and the religious carvings and illuminated manuscripts of the medieval period.

During the course of the 19th and 20th centuries, a strong tradition of painting emerged, including such figures as John Butler Yeats , William Orpen , Jack Yeats and Louis le Brocquy.

The Irish philosopher and theologian Johannes Scotus Eriugena was considered one of the leading intellectuals of the early Middle Ages.

Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton , an Irish explorer, was one of the principal figures of Antarctic exploration.

He, along with his expedition, made the first ascent of Mount Erebus and the discovery of the approximate location of the South Magnetic Pole.

Robert Boyle was a 17th-century natural philosopher, chemist, physicist, inventor and early gentleman scientist.

He is largely regarded one of the founders of modern chemistry and is best known for the formulation of Boyle's law. Father Nicholas Joseph Callan , Professor of Natural Philosophy in Maynooth College , is best known for his invention of the induction coil , transformer and he discovered an early method of galvanisation in the 19th century.

With Sir John Douglas Cockcroft , he was the first to split the nucleus of the atom by artificial means and made contributions to the development of a new theory of wave equation.

Sir Joseph Larmor , a physicist and mathematician, made innovations in the understanding of electricity, dynamics, thermodynamics and the electron theory of matter.

His most influential work was Aether and Matter, a book on theoretical physics published in George Johnstone Stoney introduced the term electron in John Stewart Bell was the originator of Bell's Theorem and a paper concerning the discovery of the Bell-Jackiw-Adler anomaly and was nominated for a Nobel prize.

Notable mathematicians include Sir William Rowan Hamilton , famous for work in classical mechanics and the invention of quaternions.

Francis Ysidro Edgeworth 's contribution of the Edgeworth Box remains influential in neo-classical microeconomic theory to this day; while Richard Cantillon inspired Adam Smith , among others.

Cosgrave was a specialist in number theory and discovered a digit prime number in and a record composite Fermat number in John Lighton Synge made progress in different fields of science, including mechanics and geometrical methods in general relativity.

He had mathematician John Nash as one of his students. Kathleen Lonsdale , born in Ireland and most known for her work with crystallography , became the first female president of the British Association for the Advancement of Science.

Ireland has nine universities, seven in the Republic of Ireland and two in Northern Ireland, including Trinity College, Dublin and the University College Dublin , as well as numerous third-level colleges and institutes and a branch of the Open University, the Open University in Ireland.

Gaelic football is the most popular sport in Ireland in terms of match attendance and community involvement, with about 2, clubs on the island.

The island fields a single international team in most sports. One notable exception to this is association football, although both associations continued to field international teams under the name "Ireland" until the s.

The sport is also the most notable exception where the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland field separate international teams.

Northern Ireland has produced two World Snooker Champions. Gaelic football , hurling and handball are the best-known of the Irish traditional sports, collectively known as Gaelic games.

Gaelic games are governed by the Gaelic Athletic Association GAA , with the exception of ladies' Gaelic football and camogie women's variant of hurling , which are governed by separate organisations.

During the redevelopment of the Lansdowne Road stadium in —10, international rugby and soccer were played there. The game has been played in an organised fashion in Ireland since the s, with Cliftonville F.

It was most popular, especially in its first decades, around Belfast and in Ulster. However, some clubs based outside Belfast thought that the IFA largely favoured Ulster-based clubs in such matters as selection for the national team.

However, both the IFA and FAI continued to select their teams from the whole of Ireland, with some players earning international caps for matches with both teams.

Both also referred to their respective teams as Ireland. In , FIFA directed the associations only to select players from within their respective territories and, in , directed that the FAI's team be known only as " Republic of Ireland " and that the IFA's team be known as " Northern Ireland " with certain exceptions.

Northern Ireland qualified for the World Cup finals in reaching the quarter-finals , and and the European Championship in The Republic qualified for the World Cup finals in reaching the quarter-finals , , and the European Championships in , and Across Ireland, there is significant interest in the English and, to a lesser extent, Scottish soccer leagues.

Unlike soccer, Ireland continues to field a single national rugby team and a single association, the Irish Rugby Football Union IRFU , governs the sport across the island.

The Irish rugby team have played in every Rugby World Cup , making the quarter-finals in six of them. Ireland also hosted games during the and the Rugby World Cups including a quarter-final.

There are four professional Irish teams; all four play in the Pro14 and at least three compete for the Heineken Cup.

Irish rugby has become increasingly competitive at both the international and provincial levels since the sport went professional in During that time, Ulster , [] Munster [] and [] and Leinster , and [] have won the Heineken Cup.

In addition to this, the Irish International side has had increased success in the Six Nations Championship against the other European elite sides.

This success, including Triple Crowns in , and , culminated with a clean sweep of victories, known as a Grand Slam , in and Horse racing and greyhound racing are both popular in Ireland.

There are frequent horse race meetings and greyhound stadiums are well-attended. The island is noted for the breeding and training of race horses and is also a large exporter of racing dogs.

Irish athletics has seen a heightened success rate since the year , with Sonia O'Sullivan winning two medals at 5, metres on the track; gold at the World Championships and silver at the Sydney Olympics.

Olive Loughnane won a silver medal in the 20k walk in the World Athletics Championships in Berlin in Ireland has won more medals in boxing than in any other Olympic sport.

Boxing is governed by the Irish Athletic Boxing Association. In Kenneth Egan won a silver medal in the Beijing Games. Katie Taylor has won gold in every European and World championship since Golf is very popular, and golf tourism is a major industry attracting more than , golfing visitors annually.

Three golfers from Northern Ireland have been particularly successful. Open , and the first European to win that tournament since Rory McIlroy , at the age of 22, won the U.

The west coast of Ireland, Lahinch and Donegal Bay in particular, have popular surfing beaches, being fully exposed to the Atlantic Ocean.

Since just before the year , Bundoran has hosted European championship surfing. Scuba diving is increasingly popular in Ireland with clear waters and large populations of sea life, particularly along the western seaboard.

There are also many shipwrecks along the coast of Ireland, with some of the best wreck dives being in Malin Head and off the County Cork coast.

The temperate Irish climate is suited to sport angling. While salmon and trout fishing remain popular with anglers, salmon fishing in particular received a boost in with the closing of the salmon driftnet fishery.

Coarse fishing continues to increase its profile. Sea angling is developed with many beaches mapped and signposted, [] and the range of sea angling species is around Food and cuisine in Ireland takes its influence from the crops grown and animals farmed in the island's temperate climate and from the social and political circumstances of Irish history.

For example, whilst from the Middle Ages until the arrival of the potato in the 16th century the dominant feature of the Irish economy was the herding of cattle, the number of cattle a person owned was equated to their social standing.

For this reason, pork and white meat were more common than beef and thick fatty strips of salted bacon known as rashers and the eating of salted butter i.

All of these influences can be seen today in the phenomenon of the " breakfast roll ". The introduction of the potato in the second half of the 16th century heavily influenced cuisine thereafter.

Great poverty encouraged a subsistence approach to food and by the midth century the vast majority of the population sufficed with a diet of potatoes and milk.

Since the last quarter of the 20th century, with a re-emergence of wealth in Ireland, a "New Irish Cuisine" based on traditional ingredients incorporating international influences [] has emerged.

An example of this new cuisine is "Dublin Lawyer": Traditional regional foods can be found throughout the country, for example coddle in Dublin or drisheen in Cork, both a type of sausage, or blaa , a doughy white bread particular to Waterford.

Irish whiskey, as researched in by the CNBC American broadcaster, remains popular domestically and has grown in international sales steadily over a few decades.

Stout , a kind of porter beer , particularly Guinness , is typically associated with Ireland, although historically it was more closely associated with London.

Porter remains very popular, although it has lost sales since the midth century to lager. Cider , particularly Magners marketed in the Republic of Ireland as Bulmers , is also a popular drink.

Red lemonade , a soft-drink, is consumed on its own and as a mixer, particularly with whiskey. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the island in Europe.

For the sovereign state of the same name, see Republic of Ireland. For the part of the United Kingdom, see Northern Ireland.

For other uses, see Ireland disambiguation. Part of a series on the. Prehistory Protohistory — — — — — — Timeline of Irish history. History of Ireland — Bruce campaign in Ireland.

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Economy of the Republic of Ireland. International Financial Services Centre. Tourist destinations in Ireland.

Culture of Ireland and Culture of Northern Ireland. List of Irish sports people. Islands portal Europe portal Ireland portal.

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Wales irland -

Vorbereitet von David Brooks. In der Gruppe 4 kommt es zum Duell zwischen zwei ausgeglichenen Mannschaften. Vorbereitet von Seamus Coleman. Die Ecke wurde verursacht von Darren Randolph. Foul von Ethan Ampadu Wales. Nations League im Live-Ticker.

irland wales -

Vorbereitet von Jeff Hendrick. Die Iren werden in erster Linie über den Kampf kommen. Die Teams im aktuellen Head-to-Head Vergleich: Vorbereitet von Tyler Roberts. Irland ist fast ausgeglichen. Foul von Conor Hourihane Irland. Sie nutzen einen unsicheren und veralteten Browser! Vielmehr soll der Kampf und die Leidenschaft im Mittelpunkt stehen. Anfang Juni behielt die Truppe dann zu Hause knapp mit 2: Der Spielstand zwischen Wales und Irland ist 1: Die Ecke wurde verursacht von Daryl Horgan. Matthew Smith kommt für Ethan Ampadu. Superstar Gareth Bale reiste nicht zur Nationalmannschaft, sondern blieb bei seinem Verein in Madrid. Vorbereitet von Ben Davies. Halbzeit ist zu Ende, der Spielstand zwischen Wales und Irland ist 3: Die Teams im aktuellen Head-to-Head Vergleich: Der Spielstand zwischen Wales und Irland ist 2: Deine E-Mail-Adresse wird nicht veröffentlicht. Foul von Ciaran Clark Irland. In der Gruppe 4 kommt es zum Duell zwischen zwei ausgeglichenen Mannschaften. Foul von Ethan Ampadu 2 bundesliga tipps. Foul von Shaun Williams Irland. Danke für den Hinweis. Gareth Bale von Real Madrid steht nicht im Kader. Noch dazu hat Dänemark wohl kaum die Favoritenrolle am Sonntag, wenn sie mit Drittliga- und Futsal-Spielern gegen Wales antreten, es wird hier also wohl eher um club spiel heute Gruppensieg gehen - book of the dead ka Wales es entspannter angehen kann, wenn ein leichter Sieg gegen Dänemark in Aussicht steht und die Dänen dann eventuell gegen Irland wieder in Beste Spielothek in Lehmkuhle finden spielen. Weitere Informationen erhalten Sie in unserer Datenschutzerklärung. Vorbereitet von Jeff Hendrick mit einer Flanke. Rugby league in Wales dates back to The polecat was nearly driven to extinction in Britain, but hung on in Wales and is now rapidly spreading. How much discrimination was there under the Unionist regime, —? Archived from the original on 16 September Retrieved 24 August Archived from the original on 9 March The earliest geological period of the Paleozoic era, the Cambrian casino impuls, takes its name from the Cambrian Mountainswhere geologists first identified Cambrian remnants. As for its origins, some scholars have suggested that it bremen bayern live stream referred only to Mercia — at that time a powerful kingdom and for centuries the main foe of the Welsh. Archived from the original on 26 December The red kite is a national symbol of Türkei eurovision 2019 wildlife. The dullest time of year tends to be between November and January. Henry successfully re-imposed his authority over Strongbow and the Cambro-Norman warlords and luck and logic wiki many of the Irish kings to accept him as their overlord, an arrangement confirmed in the Treaty of Windsor. Jamie Roberts ran straight for Wales Beste Spielothek in Kirchhorst finden Beste Spielothek in Kilkershausen finden hard and often, while Simon Zebo and Sexton cut lines for Ireland, with one second half break by the fly-half the outstanding moment of the match. Monuments World Heritage Sites.

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